Depression and anxiety - these two concepts are closely intertwined with each other and often without each other do not exist. Anxiety is an important sign of depression. Anxiety is characterized by heightened anxiety and fear. Anxiety arises, as in certain situations, and is able to be present all the time. Therefore, the alarm is released, as a situational reaction, and as a personal feature of a person. Anxiety, as a personality, is an incommensurable reaction to danger or a reaction to an imaginary danger, which provokes temporary emotional exhaustion, psychosomatic illnesses and dissatisfaction with oneself.
The terms depression and anxiety are often used, both in medicine and in everyday speech. Even in everyday life, the expression "depressed person" is often used. This applies to people who are highly prone to depression and anxiety. Scientists note a family predisposition to mild forms of depression and anxiety. A patient coming to a doctor has personal ideas about the causes of his problems, which are often associated with unfavorable life events.
Depression and anxiety - concepts are difficult to separate, and at the moment there are no laboratory, and instrumental methods that allow them to diagnose. Scientific studies have evidence that the depressive state is accompanied by a rise in the level of cortisol in the blood plasma, and anxiety is exacerbated by the blood flow in the forearms of the vessels. However, the practical significance of all these indicators is small, and a thorough psychiatric examination involves a lot of time and is often an unenforceable condition of ordinary medical practice. Significant help in such cases is provided by standardized questionnaires, but in order to understand the patient well, one must personally talk with him.
If there is a suspicion of a mental disorder, you need to ask the nearest environment about the nature, characteristics of life of the ill. The main question in this case is: "Has the person changed?". In other words, it is necessary to find out the psychological status, namely whether the person became socially passive, dependent on others, helpless, whether his interests changed, his manner of speaking, the topics of the conversations. For specialists, such signs as sleep disturbance, decreased concentration, difficulties in performing the usual work, are significant and important.
It is also important to consider that the symptoms of depression and anxiety change with time. Symptoms of depression that have been observed in the past can change and become classic signs of anxiety disorder, and later become symptoms of panic or obsessive-compulsive disorder. In everyday life, the expression "depressed person" is often used. This applies to people who are more prone to depression and anxiety. Scientists note a family predisposition to mild forms of depressive state and anxiety. A patient coming to a doctor has personal ideas about the causes of his problems, which are often associated with unfavorable life events.
Depression and anxiety are often accompanied by delirium. Anxious depressionincludes ideas of self-incrimination, as well as charges. The sick are convinced that for all the "crimes" committed by them, the children will be responsible and suffer. At the same time, people admit their guilt, but far-fetched punishment far exceeds its measure. This type of delirium is not the primary sign of depression, but is determined by the level of anxiety that changes throughout the period of the illness.
Delusional ideas that embrace a person such as: "I'm guilty," "I deserve punishment," and so on. Anxiety in these cases is involved in the emergence of depressive ideas, which are filled with inferiority and guilt. This is indicated by cases of improper selection of antidepressant therapy, which leads to a sharp increase in anxiety. This occurs with the appointment of such antidepressants as Desipramine (Petilil), Transaminum, Nuredal or psychostimulants Sidnokarb, Sidnofen, etc. It has long been noted that by increasing anxiety, there is an aggravation of depression.
In elderly patients, depression and anxiety sharpen the personality changes inherent in old age. As a result, an emerging sense of insecurity, helplessness, and futility forms the ideas of impoverishment. Elderly people are terrified of the future, darkness in the soul and constant anxiety. Probably, anxiety and depression have a significant role in the origin of ideas of impoverishment. The patients acutely feel their helplessness, but real problems do not sound in the ideas of self-blame. The only thing they are afraid of is the consequences of the conflict with the police. It is believed that the subconscious motive of self-incrimination is the desire to repent in advance, as well as the desire to get away from the intractable, real problems that arise from past misconduct.
Depression and anxiety are characterized by ideas of suicides, guilt statements, maniacal manias.
Initially, the patient is accompanied by periods of mania, then there are light intervals, accompanied by delinquency, alcohol consumption. Patients are characterized by slow movements, frozen facial expressions, tense and slow speech with large pauses. Patients complain of longing in the first half of the day, as well as increased anxiety in the evening. So, the basis of self-blame lies in fears, anxious fears, helplessness, a sense of failure, and of course, a painful sense of anguish.
It is well known that depression is characterized not only by anxiety, but also by fear. If anxiety is a situational reaction, then fear acts as the norm for any person when there is an emotional reaction to danger. Fear of a depressed person stands before consequences for his alleged misconduct, as well as crimes. It is difficult for a person to completely get rid of or abstract from the feeling of fear.
Fear is the most powerful factor preventing a person from revealing himself from all sides, and also to achieve success in life. Feeling of fear allows people to make strategic decisions in a short time. Fear is overcome, people have new opportunities, and life is perceived differently. Being begins to be appreciated in all manifestations of being, and the surrounding world turns into a brighter one.
Most patients with depression complain of anxiety, which accompanies all depressive conditions. To help specialists come the technique of measuring the level of anxiety by Taylor, which allows to reveal the depth of anxiety and prescribe the appropriate treatment. In cases of anxiety and depression, treatment includes an anti-anxiety agent, Tizercin, and the use of amitriptyline leads to relief of depression. Intravenous administration of 30 mg of Seduxen leads to drowsiness and reduces anxiety. Further treatment of anxiety and depression with antidepressants leads to a weakening of the disease. The use of pure anxiolytics also partially weakens depressive ideas and reduces feelings of guilt.
The medicine for depression and anxiety is the most affordable it is sport. There are data from numerous studies that physical exercises give positive results in alleviating the symptoms of depression and anxiety, so they should be constantly prescribed by psychotherapists. Physical loads have a beneficial effect on mental health and are available to everyone, but traditional cognitive-behavioral therapy, as well as drug treatment is not always available to the sick. Physical exercises become an alternative to traditional treatment, while helping the sick to be motivated and interested in the process of recovery. Preparations for depression accompanied by anxiety: Fluoxetine (Prozac), Aurorix (Moclobemide), Inkazan, Cephedrine, Bethol, Desipramine (Petilil), Sidnofen.
One of the most effective drugs in the treatment of depression and anxiety is Fluoxetine. The drug is released in tablet form. The second name of Fluoxetine is Prozac. The action of the drug lowers the feeling of anxiety and fear, removes a feeling of lethargy (apathy) and melancholy. It normalizes appetite, sleep, improves mood and mental activity. A favorable effect occurs two weeks after the start of the drug.
Depression and anxiety do not lead to physical disorders, whereas the psyche suffers quite seriously. It is very difficult to overcome this condition on your own, therefore it is necessary to seek help from a doctor who will prescribe antidepressant therapy.